Price, environment, and the future :
The biggest current threat to the conventional plastics industry is likely to be environmental concerns, including the release of toxic pollutants, greenhouse gas, litter, biodegradable and non-biodegrable landfill impact as a result of the production and disposal of petroleum and petroleum-based plastics.
For decades one of the great appeals of plastics have been their low price as compared to other materials. Yet in recent years the cost of plastics has been rising dramatically. A major cause of the increase is the sharply rising cost of petroleum, the raw material that is chemically altered to form commercial plastics. As the cost of plastic hinges on the cost of petroleum, should petroleum prices rise so will the cost of plastic. This affects the commercial viability of some plastic products and their manfacturers.
With some observers suggesting that future oil reserves are uncertain the price of petroleum may increase further, and thus alternatives are being sought. Oil shale and tar oil are alternatives for plastic production but are expensive. Scientists are seeking cheaper and better alternatives to petroleum-based plastics, and many candidates are in laboratories all over the world. One promising alternative on the horizon may involve processing fructose found in simple sugar to provide an alternative for some types of plastic.
ISO or quality certification
Quality certification has become essential for any kind of business. For plastic industry following certifications are required:
• ISO 9001:2000
In order to regulate the quality & social responsibility at various levels, and in different branches number of regulatory bodies/associations are formed. For example:
National & Global association
• Chennai Plastics Manufacturers & Merchants Association – Chennai (CHEPMMA)